The Confucius Temple in
Beijing, is located in Guozijian Street near the
Yonghe Palace (Lama Temple) and houses a display
on the culture and history of Beijing. It was
the place that Confucius was worshipped during
the Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties (1271-1911).
The Confucius Temple inConfucius
Temple (Kong Miao) Beijing is one of the most
important Confucius temples in China, only next
to the one in Confucius hometown of Qufu in Shandong
Province. It is an extensive haven of tranquility
in the heart of Beijing, and forms part of a larger
compound containing the Imperial College.
The Temple of Confucius was first
built by Kublai Khan in the Yuan Dynasty, and
was restored on several occasions during the Ming
and Qing dynasties. In 1737, during the reign
of Qing Emperor Qianlong, the major hall was renovated
and was recovered with magnificent yellow glazed
roof tiles. In 1860, when the worship of Confucius
was further emphasized by the Qing Government,
the temple underwent extensive restoration which
lasted until 1916.
Confucius Temple (Kong Miao)The
Temple's main hall houses musical instruments
that were important for Confucian ceremonies.
Inside the hall it feels more like a museum rather
than a place of worship. Outside in the courtyards
are gnarled cypress trees sprawl amongst squat
pavilions holding stone stele. The small, carved
stone drums on the either side of the main gateway,
beautifully were inscribed with hunting poems.
The temple also contains 198 stone tables inscribed
with the names of those individuals who passed
the test to become a Mandarin during the Yuan,
Ming, and Qing dynasties.
The Imperial Academy sits
next to the Confucius Temple. The Academy was
founded in 1306 and taught language and martial
arts. In 1462 it had 13,000 students. Today the
Academy is the Capital Library, which houses collections
on the social sciences and the local history.