Beijing Opera, once called "Peking
Opera", is China's national opera and it
is also China¡¯s traditional art. It combines
music, vocal performance, mime, dance, and acrobatics.
It arose in the late 18th century and became fully
developed and recognized by the mid-19th century.
Traditional opera is very popular among Chinese
people, especially seniors. Nowadays, appreciting
an authentic Beijing Opera Show in famous Liyuan
Theater is a must-do when you are traveling in
Beijing.During the reign of Emperor Qianglong
in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), a local opera
troupe from Anhui Province came to Beijing and
brought its "Hui Tune" (which originated
in Anhui Province and was called "Pihuang"
opera) to the capital. It soon became prealent.
In the course of evolution, it partly drew and
adopted repertoire, tune and manner of performance
from Kun opera (a local opera from Jiangsu area)
and Qin Opera (a local opera from Shaanxi Province)
as well as folk tunes, gradually developing into
what we now call Beijing Opera Placing emphasis
on dancing as well as on singing, it adopted the
skills of Chinese martial arts and created its
own uniquely stylized, ficitious and strongly
rhythmical movements.Singing and reciting show
elaborate articulation and phrasing. Systemized
in its four categories of singing, acting, reciting
and arobatic fighting, Beijing Opera has exerted
a strong influence on other local opera.
Roles in Beijing Opera are divided
into the four Ha ngdangs (categories) of Sheng,
Dan, Jing and Chou representing male, female,
old young, beatiful, honest and dishonest. Beijing
Opera mainly presents historical stories Out of
its more than 1300 plays,about 400 are often on
The orchestra in Beijing Opera
consists of wind and string instruments as well
as percussion instruments. Jinghu, a small two-stringed
bowed instrument, play a main part.I n the more
than one hundred years that have passed many famous
singing actors, drum masters and Jinghu masters
contributed a lot to the development of Beijing
After the founding of the People's
Republic of China in 1949, Beijing Opera
troupes have performed aborad many times. They
caused a sensation in the world and were warmly
welcomed by the audiences.
Beijing Travel Attractions