Longsheng Longji Rice Terraces
Longsheng county in northeastern Guangxi province was the
earliest county to be established in southern China.
town is situated in a densely forrested area of over 2400 square kilometres and
has a population of only 160 000 people. It is surrounded by mountains in four
sides and lies 100 kilometres north of Guilin, as well as in the joint area of
Heping River and Sang River. Built on the mountain slopes, the town boasts rows
of tall buildings separated by banyan trees.
Close to Longsheng
town there are the Hot Spring National Park and the Dragon's Backbone Rice Terraces:
60square kilometers of terraced rice fields southeast of Longsheng. They were
first built in the Yuan dynasty and completed in the Qing dynasty by Zhuang people.
The terraced fields are built along the slope winding from the riverside up to
the mountaintop, with the highest place of an elevation of 885m and the lowest
380m. The coiling line spirals up from the mountain foot to the top, making the
mountain looks like huge snail seen from afar.
Only two kilometres
west of Longsheng Town you will come to the Yinshui Dong Village. It is named
after the waterfall that runs down from the mountaintop resembling a long silver
It is said that the village was founded during the
Tang-Song dynasties and gained fame due to the hard work of generations of the
Dong people. In 1737 during the reign of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing dynasty,
Wu Jinyin, the 82nd chief of Yinshui Dong Village, led the Dong people to rise
in rebellion with the support of the Zhuang, Miao and Yao peoples against the
Qing government. The Qing government hastily sent troops from neighboring provinces
to put down the rebellion. After the failure of this rebellion, the village moved
to another place and the original village was abandoned. In recent years, with
the development of local tourism, Dong people were invited to return their home
village with the 101st village chief of the Wu clan.In this village, you can see
an old drum-tower and the famous Wind and Rain Bridge, which is a unique 76 metre
long complex consisting of five pavillions connected by corridors. The Ma Pang
Drum tower 25 kilometres north of Longsheng town is the largest of its kind: It
is a 12 metre high wooden construction: a nine-story wooden roof held up by wooden
pillars. Such towers (resembling Chinese pagodas) were set up as meeting points
in almost every Dong village.