Mt. Putuoshan lies on the Zhoushan
Island to the east of Zhoushan City, Zhejiang
Province. Zhoushan Island gets its name for groups
of about four hundred small islands off the sea
to the east of China. Among those small islands,
Mt. Putuoshan is the largest one, with an area
of 12.5 square kilometers. The name of Mt. Putuoshan
means ¡°beautiful white flower¡±
Mt. Putuoshan, together with Mt. Jiuhua,
Mt. Wutai, and Mt. Emei are the four most famous
mountains worshipped by Buddhists in China. With
its unique scenic beauty and environmental quietness,
Mt. Putuoshan became the perfect place Buddhism
to evolve since ancient times. There are a good
many temples and nunneries housed over 3,500 Buddhist
monks and nuns on the island. The prosperous development
of Buddhism there made Mt. Putuoshan win the name
of ¡°Heaven of the Sea and Kingdom of
Mt. Putuoshan and its temples are
especially sacred to Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara,
a goddess of compassion. The three most famous
and elaborate temples on Mt. Putuoshan are Puji
Temple, Fayu Temple and Huiji Temple.
Putuo Mountain Highlights:
Fayu Monastery is located at the foot
of Fodingshan (Foding mountain), at the north
end of 1000 step Beach.
Huiji Monastery is located near the top of Fodingshan.
The lazy can reach the temple by cable car. More
active visitors and pilgrims take the concrete
steps from near Fayu Temple. It takes about 1
hour to climb the mountain.
Puji Monastery, located at the center
of the island, is the most accessible and famous
monastery on Putuoshan. Nearby are are hotels,
restaurants and interesting shops. A public ritual
performed by the monks runs from 4:30AM to 7AM.
It is crowded at this time, so unless you are
interested in the ceremony, it best to visit the
temple outside these hours.