The city of Xi'an was the first
Chinese city to open up its doors to the Ancient
world, not in 1980 under the "Open Door"
policy, but in fact during the Tang dynasty when
Xi'an blossomed as the first stop on the Silk
Road. Over a period of more than 2000 years, Xi'an
was the capital for eleven dynasties. This city
played a vital role in bridging the gap between
east and west.
Among the many dynasties Xi'an
was capital to, Qin, the first empire of
China, and Tang, the peak of China's ancient
history, have left the city with the most
abundant legacy. The Terracotta Warriors
of the Qin Dynasty, an attached defending
army to the first emperor of China, is regarded
as "the eighth wonder of the world".
The Tang Dynasty has endowed Xi'an even
more relics,including the Tomb of Concubine
Yang, Huaqing Pool and Dufu Memorial Temple
all date back to that period.
Xi'an was the first stop of
Indian Buddhism preached in China; The sophisticated
system of philosophy first coming to Xi'an
2000 years ago and later being developed
into the dominant religion here. The Famen
Temple in Xi'an is the only temple in mainland
China to have true relics of Buddha Sykyamuni.
Aside from being a major tourist
destination and historical city, today Xi'an is
an important industrial and manufacturing center.
Despite the incredible history that Xi'an carries,
it is a modern and prosperous area. The nightlife
here is pretty up to date and Xi'an's University
is considered to be one of the best in China.
As a result, the city has a large student population
who contribute to the cultural life of the city,
making Xi'an one of the most pleasant cities in
China and an ideal place to break the journey
between Beijing and Shanghai.